Last Updated: 3/14/23 | March 14th, 2023
Do Eurail passes actually save you money, or are they a giant waste of time?
This is the eternal question every traveler and backpacker to Europe faces. Whether you are going for two weeks or two months, everyone wonders if they will save money by buying a rail pass or if it’s cheaper to buy tickets as they go.
Eurail passes and costs have changed a lot over the years.
It used to be that you could buy a rail pass, hop on a train, and go wherever you wanted. And, if you needed a reservation for a seat, it didn’t matter whether you had a pass or not — if there was a seat on the train, you got it. The train pass really was the ultimate freedom.
Now, things are different. Pass costs have gone up, there are restrictions on when you can use them, there are often only a set number of seats available for pass holders on any given train, and many countries have instituted high-priced reservation fees (I’m looking at you, France!).
Additionally, as railways have had to deal with the rise of budget airlines, they have changed their pricing model to more closely imitate airlines. Now they now tend to offer cheap early-bird prices and expensive last-minute fares so depending on when you book you may get a better deal by booking a single ticket than using a Eurail pass.
Let’s break down how Eurail passes work, their costs, and if they are worth the money or not. If you want to jump ahead, just click on the links below:
Table of Contents
An In-Depth Guide to Eurail Passes
What is a Eurail Pass?
Eurail passes are one of the most popular travel products in the world. The passes give you a set number of stops in a set time period. You can get continent-wide passes, country-specific passes, or regional passes. Just as there are trains that go everywhere in Europe, there is a pass for everyone. Passes come in two varieties: first-class and second-class tickets.
Eurail Pass is a train ticket that allows you to travel in and through up to 33 European countries on trains and some ferries. The product was first launched in 1959 and is a product of a consortium of 35 European railway and shipping companies. They all banded together to create this company that then sells this pass.
The pass is meant to be a hassle-free way to travel Europe by train and meant to encourage people to visit a wide variety of countries.
It’s important to note that Eurail passes only work on intercity train lines and not local trains such as subways or trams!
How Does the Eurail Pass Work?
Eurail passes are easy to use as they act as one global ticket. For most countries and passes, you can purchase a mobile pass, which is instantly delivered to your phone. You’ll need to keep your phone charged in order to use it on the train, but you only need to have Wi-Fi access every 3 days to keep the pass active.
For some countries, you’ll need to buy your pass before you visit Europe unless you’re booking a Global Pass, as it is a paper ticket that must be mailed to you. Be sure to check in advance which option is available for the passes/countries that you want to visit.
You’ll need to activate your pass before using it. This can be done either at the ticket office of any large train station (an official will enter your dates, passport number, and stamp it) or online at the time of ordering your pass if you know your exact dates of travel already.
Once your pass is activated, on most trains you can simply show up on the train, present the conductor with your pass, and keep going on with your journey. However, some countries require you to book a seat ahead of time, and reservations are often required on most high-speed trains and overnight trains.
For the most part, Germany and Central European countries allow you to just hop on almost any train. In France, Italy, and Spain, you’ll need a seat reservation — you can book it at the train station. Never do it online or with the pass providers directly, as it’s more expensive than going directly to the station. Seat reservations are required on night trains.
If you get a paper rail pass, you’ll get a small book that lets you know the specific reservation rules for each country the pass covers. On the Eurail Rail Planner app, you can filter for “Trains without compulsory reservation.” This can help you avoid seat reservation fees.
For example, the Thalys train (a high-speed bullet train with service between France, Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands) has a limited number of pass holder seats, and since I didn’t pre-book a ticket, instead of traveling direct, I had to make two stops. It made the journey cheaper but also a lot longer than it needed to be.
What Countries are Included in a Eurail Pass?
As of 2023, there are 33 countries included in the pass. The following countries are included in Eurail passes:
- North Macedonia
How Much are Eurail Passes?
Rail Europe tends to offer better sales but has slightly higher-priced tickets. Here are the Global Pass prices for continuous travel in 2023:
(Youth tickets are for ages 12-27, and adult tickets are for ages 28-60.)
Note: If you’re traveling (and booking) as a group of 2-5 adults, you can save 15% on your tickets (via either the Rail Europe or Eurail website). Also, kids under 11 ride for free when traveling with an adult.
Also, travelers over 60 are eligible for a 10% discount on their Global Pass, as long as they are 60 years old by the first day of their trip. The discount is available for both 1st- and 2nd-class travel.
While the unlimited Global Pass is nice, the Global Flexi Passes are more popular as they’re cheaper. The most popular pass overall offers 15 trips within a two-month period (which is usually what most people need). A second-class 15-day ticket costs $554 USD (a value of $36 USD per trip) while the first-class ticket costs $703 USD (a value of $47 USD per trip).
Unlimited (which Eurail calls “continuous”) passes can be bought for up to three months, allowing unlimited travel in that time. While these aren’t the most economical (a 3-month first-class ticket will cost $1,286 USD) they do allow for the most freedom since you can get on a train any day that you want. For a full list of all of the Global Pass options you can visit the Eurail website.
The Math: How Much I Spent
It’s all about the money with the passes. If you are going to save money, you want the pass.
As an example, here’s a breakdown of what the expenses for my latest trip looked like:
Note: Prices are in euros and reflect last-minute departure prices that were given to me at the train station at the time of booking.
The pass I used was a first-class, 15-day, two-month Global pass that costs $1,189 USD at the time. (Why first-class? Because it was the only pass you can get at the time. Now you can get both as an adult.) My pass allowed me 15 non-consecutive days of travel in a two-month period (i.e., 15 train trips). That means the value of each journey works out to be $79 USD.
Since I was only in Europe for two weeks, I didn’t use my entire pass. The five train rides I took had a value of $395 (one-third the value of the pass).
With all the fees for seat reservations plus the base pass price, the total cost of my train trips was $800 USD. Without the pass, my first-class tickets would have cost me $975, which means I saved $175 by using the Eurail pass.
Where to Buy a Eurail Pass
There are three companies that sell these passes:
They sell the exact same passes. So what’s the difference? Here’s the difference:
Eurail is the name of the consortium that works with all the national rail companies to create the Eurail train pass. Rail Europe is an official reseller of the tickets and passes that Eurail creates. Interrail is the same pass but for Europeans only; Eurail/Rail Europe is for non-Europeans. While Eurail also sells the same pass as Rail Europe, Rail Europe often sells these passes at a discounted price.
So, if you are…
European = Buy Interrail
Non-European = Buy Eurail.
(In the past, I used to recommend Rail Europe as they were constantly cheaper, but not anymore. However, don’t blindly go with Eurail directly. Rail Europe sells Eastern European passes that Eurail does not as well as Swiss and German passes not sold elsewhere. They often have lots of sales too. So check them out, but it’s usually best to just go with Eurail!)
Should You Buy a Eurail Pass?
So are Eurail passes worth purchasing?
A lot of people assume train travel in Europe requires a pass, purchase one without looking at the numbers, and then complain about the cost.
Rail passes are all about money. A Eurail pass is only worth getting if it saves you money. That means you have to do a lot of math to figure out if a pass is right or not. It can be a time-consuming process but is certainly worth it in the end.
Just like the airlines, prices are now variable and no longer fixed. Depending on when you book, your ticket cost will fluctuate. If you are willing to pre-book months in advance (tickets usually go on sale 90 days out), you’ll easily find some unbeatable bargain deals, such as Paris to Amsterdam from $46, Rome to Venice from $38, or Amsterdam to Berlin from $78. Denmark offers orange tickets that are 50% off the normal price. Since rail passes cost roughly $79 per trip, you can’t beat booking individual tickets in advance.
But who pre-books a multi-month trip to Europe? Not many.
After you have a general idea as to where you want to go, visit the national railway websites and work out two sets of prices: one for tomorrow (i.e., a last-minute fare) and one for two months from now (i.e., an early-bird fare). Add up the prices in each category.
Next, head to Eurail, find your rail pass, and divide the rail pass price by the number of days you’ll be traveling by train to figure out the cost of each journey on the pass.
See which is cheaper and take that option, bearing in mind that your journey may change or you may take more high-speed rails. If I know I’ll be in a lot of countries that don’t charge reservation fees and that the prices for booking early versus using a pass are similar, I’ll go with the pass, as there is value in flexibility (I change my mind a lot).
A Eurail pass is worth buying if….
- You are traveling around Europe with no fixed plans. To me, the pass is about flexibility and being able to hop on and hop off trains when you want. If you are traveling long-term, you aren’t going to pre-plan months of travel. You are going to want the ability to go with the flow, which a pass will give you. I place a value on flexibility.
- You will be taking a lot of ferries. Pass holders get 50% off ferries in Finland, 30% off ferries in Ireland and Greece, 20% off ferries in the Adriatic and Balearic seas, and some other bus discounts.
You should NOT buy a rail pass if…
- You are planning on a short trip and you already know your dates. While those early-bird (non-pass, point-to-point) tickets are non-refundable, they are still cheap, and you probably won’t be changing too many of your dates.
- You are traveling to just one country. It’s better to avoid a rail pass, as it will cost more than just point-to-point tickets.
The BEST Solution for Train Travel in Europe
The best way to see Europe via train is to use the rail pass for the expensive and long-distance trains while paying for cheap tickets or short trips as you go. That way you’ll be sure you’re getting the most value of your Eurail pass.
For example, for 11 days of train travel in Europe, it’s cheaper to buy a 10-day Eurail Global pass plus one point-to-point ticket for a short-distance train.
The pass really works best when only used for long, expensive rides!
The BOTTOM LINE of Eurail Passes
If you are traveling vast distances over multiple countries, using a lot of high-speed trains, and traveling (semi) last-minute, or for a long time, a Eurail pass will save you money and is worth purchasing.
If you want to book a pass, check out Rail Europe first. If they don’t have a sale, go to Eurail to buy the pass directly from them and save some money!
Get Your In-Depth Budget Guide to Europe!
My detailed 200+ page guidebook is made for budget travelers like you! It cuts out the fluff found in other guides and gets straight to the practical information you need to travel while in Europe. It has suggested itineraries, budgets, ways to save money, on and off the beaten path things to see and do, non-touristy restaurants, markets, bars, safety tips, and much more! Click here to learn more and get your copy today.
Book Your Trip: Logistical Tips and Tricks
Book Your Flight
Use Skyscanner to find a cheap flight. They are my favorite search engine because they search websites and airlines around the globe so you always know no stone is left unturned!
Book Your Accommodation
You can book your hostel with Hostelworld as they have the biggest inventory and best deals. If you want to stay somewhere other than a hostel, use Booking.com as they consistently return the cheapest rates for guesthouses and cheap hotels.
Don’t Forget Travel Insurance
Travel insurance will protect you against illness, injury, theft, and cancellations. It’s comprehensive protection in case anything goes wrong. I never go on a trip without it as I’ve had to use it many times in the past. My favorite companies that offer the best service and value are:
- Safety Wing (for everyone below 70)
- Insure My Trip (for those over 70)
- Medjet (for additional evacuation coverage)
Looking for the Best Companies to Save Money With?
Check out my resource page for the best companies to use when you travel. I list all the ones I use to save money when I’m on the road. They will save you money when you travel too.
Want More Information on Europe?
Be sure to visit our robust destination guide on Europe for even more planning tips!