Updated: 12/23/22 | December 23rd, 2022
For years, I put off traveling to Japan because I was afraid of how expensive it would be. The rumors I’d heard about the country’s high prices made me hesitant to go. I’ve always loved Japanese culture, and I knew any visit would involve gorging on sushi and ramen, visits to lots of temples, and heavy train travel through the countryside.
But the thought of how much it would cost always made me think, “I’ll wait until I have more money.”
When I finally visited Japan years ago, I was shocked to discover that, while it isn’t exactly cheap, Japan isn’t the prohibitively expensive country many people think it is. In fact, I actually found Japan to be affordable and on par with (and sometimes cheaper than) countries in Western Europe.
In subsequent visits, I’ve learned to further master the country and turn high-cost Japan into an affordable place to visit.
Traveling in Japan doesn’t need to cost a lot of money. To help you plan your trip and avoid breaking the bank, here’s a detailed breakdown of how you can cut your expenses to visit Japan on a budget!
How to Save on Transportation in Japan
The bullet train, while awesome, comfortable, and fast, is not cheap. Individual tickets can cost hundreds of dollars. Yet I think train travel is the best way to see the country, so in order to reduce your train costs, purchase a Japan Rail Pass (JR Pass). The pass is indispensable for travel in Japan.
The pass has several options (each valid for consecutive days, not just travel days):
- 7 days: 29,650 JPY (39,600 JPY for a Green Pass)
- 14 days: 47,250 JPY (64,120 JPY for a Green Pass)
- 21 days: 60,450 JPY (83,390 JPY for a Green Pass)
All pass times are for consecutive travel (the Green Pass is the first-class option, though this isn’t really necessary as even standard cars are quite luxurious).
Compare that to single tickets, where the three-hour journey from Tokyo to Osaka costs around 26,000 JPY (round-trip), yet you can get a 7-day rail pass that includes unlimited travel on JR trains for 29,650 JPY. That single round-trip trip is almost the same price as the entire 7-day pass!
Moreover, these JR trains also serve local city areas and so can be used intra-city. I used my pass to get around Kyoto and Tokyo instead of buying metro tickets. So, even if you aren’t going to do much travel around Japan, buying a pass is better than buying individual tickets. While the high price of the pass can cause sticker shock, the alternative is even worse.
In the past, you could only order the pass before you arrive. However, until March 2023 you can purchase a Japan Rail Pass in Japan. Passes are available all across the country, so check this list on the official Japan Rail website for the most up-to-date locations. That said, prices for passes purchased in Japan are around 5,000-6,000 JPY higher than purchasing your pass online, so it’s best (and easiest) just to do it ahead of time.
Most of the city metro tickets cost 150–300 JPY for a single journey. The price varies by distance and may often be higher. You can buy a day pass in most cities which gives you unlimited travel for 24 hours for 800-1,100 JPY.
Buses are a less expensive alternative to the bullet train system in Japan, but they take more time. For example, the three-hour train ride from Tokyo to Osaka becomes a nine-hour bus ride. The price for that seat is just 4,500 JPY, but at some point, you need to think about how much your time is worth.
For me, the savings weren’t worth the extra hours of travel, since I had such limited time during my visit. If I’d had more time, I’d have taken the bus more often.
There are also bus passes available that offer unlimited travel and begin at 10,200 JPY for three non-consecutive days of travel.
There are many budget carriers now serving Japan — you can find them on sites like Skyscanner. Peach and Jetstar are two of the main budget airlines available.
In general, their prices are on par with bullet train tickets. If you book well in advance, they may even be cheaper than the train. However, more often than not, they’ll be a bit more expensive and not really any faster if you’re going a short distance.
ANA also offers special last-minute fares via a hidden page on their website. It’s only available to foreigners and can sometimes be cheaper than the flights you find on Skyscanner, especially for longer routes around the country.
Just keep in mind that, by the time you get to and from the airport (and go through security), you might not be saving much time.
How to Save on Food in Japan
Surprisingly, I found the food to be inexpensive in Japan. True, my sushi addiction dramatically increased the cost of my trip but, overall, I found that I was spending far less on food than I’d anticipated.
As long as I didn’t feed my sushi addiction, I found I could eat for less than 2,000 JPY per day. Some typical prices were:
- Sushi lunch sets (sushi, soup, salad): 1,600+ JPY
- Traditional Japanese set lunches: 1,200+ JPY
- Sushi trains: 125–625 JPY per piece
- Western dishes (sandwiches, burgers, pizza, etc): 1,200-1,500 JPY
- Fast food: 800 JPY
- Ramen: 850-1,200 JPY
- Tempura dishes: 480-1,100 JPY
There’s an array of cheap food options in the country so you don’t really need to spend much money on food (unless you want to splash out). You can save money on food in Japan by doing the following:
- Eat at “100-yen” shops – There are many 100-yen shops (the Japanese equivalent to dollar stores) in Japan, where groceries, water, toiletries, household items, and more are simply 100 JPY. I did all my shopping at these stores. Their names vary by region, so ask your hotel/hostel reception where the nearest 100-yen shop is located.
- Use sushi trains – Sushi in Japan is delicious at all levels. While I had a few fancy meals, you can’t beat the sushi trains for value. At 125-625 JPY per plate, I could stuff my face for less than 1,500 JPY most of the time. I usually just ate at sushi trains.
- Eat at 7-11 – 7-11, Family Mart, and other convenience stores have a lot of pre-set meals for under 500 JPY that make for cheap lunches. Additionally, supermarkets have many set meals at similar prices. I noticed this was a popular option for many Japanese people.
- Cook your food – Hostels (as well as many Airbnbs) have kitchens, where you can cook and cut your food expenses.
- Avoid fresh fruit – The one rumor about Japan that turned out to be true was that fresh fruit and vegetables were expensive. Outside of shopping for an apple or banana at the market, I generally avoided fresh fruits and vegetables. They were too expensive.
- Eat curry, ramen, and donburi – I essentially lived off these three foods during my three weeks in Japan. Curry bowls and donburi (bowls of meat and rice) are the best ways to eat cheap and filling meals in Japan.
How to Save on Accommodation in Japan
Living costs in Japan are incredibly high due to the limited space, high population, and rising housing prices. Unfortunately, those high costs transfer over into the tourism industry, making finding cheap accommodation a real pain.
Hostel dorms typically cost 2,500-4,500 JPY per night and hotel rooms start at 6,000-8,000 JPY for a double room at a budget hotel. Capsule hotels cost between 3,000-5,500 JPY for a tiny pod that’s essentially just a bed. It’s not fancy, but it’s a unique (and very Japanese) experience.
Here are some ways to save on accommodation:
- Work for your room – Many hostels in Japan often let you stay for free if you clean for a few hours a day. Use a site like Worldpackers to find opportunities before you arrive.
- Stay with a local – Hospitality exchanges are not as widespread in Japan as elsewhere in the world, but there is a small, active Couchsurfing community here. A lot of expats enjoy hosting because it lets them get back in touch with other westerners so don’t hesitate to reach out to them as well. Just make sure you send a request ahead of time to increase your odds of success (especially in popular cities like Kyoto and Tokyo).
- Use credit card points – It’s times like these that travel hacking comes in handy. Frequent flier miles and regular hotel points can be redeemed for lots of free nights. I used my free accumulated nights from hotels.com for two free nights in Tokyo, but with the large sign-up bonuses that many hotel cards offer, you can get up to a week’s free accommodation! Here’s a list of my favorite travel credit cards!
- Capsule hotels – A step up from hostels and a step down from hotels, capsule hotels (pictured above) are tiny capsules you sleep in. You share bathrooms and common areas, and your capsule has a light, outlet, and sometimes a small television. They are frequently used by businessmen who work late. These capsules are usually around 3,000-5,500 JPY per night.
- Airbnb – Airbnb is a budget-friendly option if you’re traveling with a larger group. Airbnb in Japan is heavily regulated, meaning that prices are high (as there are less Airbnbs), and there are a few caveats for your stay. First, only hosts who have registered with the government can list accommodation. Second, you’ll need to send a copy of your passport to your host before arriving or let them copy your passport when you check in. That said, it’s an affordable choice for anyone traveling as a group/family. If you’re traveling on your own, a hostel dorm, capsule hotel, or even a budget hotel room are all cheaper.
How to Save on Attractions in Japan
Most of the attractions were either free or very cheap. I didn’t spend more than 500 JPY per museum or temple. In Kyoto, there’s a museum pass called the Kansai Grutto Pass that gives you free or discounted admission for over 50 museums and attractions in the area for 1,100 JPY. It’s a good deal, considering you’re probably going to see a lot of museums in Kyoto. Osaka and Tokyo have similar passes for their attractions.
Overall, I found these passes to be the best way to save money on temples, museums, and other attractions. Additionally, there are many free gardens, temples, and parks! I hardly spent any money on attractions while I was in Japan.
How Much Money Do You Need to Visit Japan?
Japan has an image of being one of the most expensive countries in the world, and if you’re staying in hotels, eating out, and traveling around a lot, it can be. You can easily spend over 30,000 JPY per day by traveling that way. However, I don’t think a trip to Japan needs to be that expensive.
Traveling around Japan can be affordable if you know what to do and keep an eye on your costs. You can save money in Japan by living like a local.
If you’re staying in a hostel, buying a rail pass, eating relatively cheap food, and visiting a few attractions, budget around 10,000-13,000 JPY per day.
However, by utilizing the tips above, I think you can travel Japan for 7,000-10,000 JPY per day. Japan shouldn’t cost you more than that per day if you don’t splurge. This would mean more bus travel, a (very) limited amount of sushi, cooking most meals, free attractions, and the occasional night Couchsurfing (or other free accommodation).
I saw lots of travelers in Japan traveling on the cheap. They did it, and it’s possible — but you’ll never feed your sushi addiction if you travel this way.
To me, budget travel is value travel. Japan is never going to be as cheap a destination as Southeast Asia, but Japan has plenty of ways to visit on a budget. Japan will never cost $20 USD per day, but it also doesn’t need to cost hundreds either.
Whenever people go to Japan and come back, they always say, “It wasn’t as expensive as I thought.” Cheap Japan travel is possible and I hope this article taught you that! Stick to the discount transit, local food, and local accommodation and you’ll keep your costs low.
Book Your Trip to Japan: Logistical Tips and Tricks
Book Your Flight
Use Skyscanner to find a cheap flight. They are my favorite search engine because they search websites and airlines around the globe so you always know no stone is left unturned!
Book Your Accommodation
You can book your hostel with Hostelworld as they have the biggest inventory and best deals. If you want to stay somewhere other than a hostel, use Booking.com as they consistently return the cheapest rates for guesthouses and cheap hotels.
Don’t Forget Travel Insurance
Travel insurance will protect you against illness, injury, theft, and cancellations. It’s comprehensive protection in case anything goes wrong. I never go on a trip without it as I’ve had to use it many times in the past. My favorite companies that offer the best service and value are:
- Safety Wing (for everyone below 70)
- Insure My Trip (for those over 70)
- Medjet (for additional repatriation coverage)
Looking for the Best Companies to Save Money With?
Check out my resource page for the best companies to use when you travel. I list all the ones I use to save money when I’m on the road. They will save you money when you travel too.
Be sure to check out the Japan Rail Pass if you’ll be traveling around the country. It comes in 7-, 14-, and 21-day passes and can save you a ton of money!
Want More Information on Japan?
Be sure to visit our robust destination guide on Japan for even more planning tips!