Today is October 31st and it’s Halloween – one of my favorite holidays of the year.
Around the globe (mostly in North America and Europe), children are going door-to-door trick-or-treating, and adults are getting ready for a party or two. It’s a day for everyone to be a kid, dress up in costumes, and cut loose. Come to think of it, it is my favorite holiday of the year.
History of Halloween
Halloween has its origins in the ancient Celtic festival known as Samhain. The festival was used by the ancient pagans to take stock of supplies and slaughter livestock for winter stores. The ancient Gaels believed that on October 31, the boundary between the alive and the deceased dissolved, and the dead become dangerous to the living by causing problems such as sickness or damaged crops. Costumes and masks were also worn at the festivals in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or placate them.
In the seventh century, the Pope designated November 1 All Saints’ Day, a time to honor saints in an attempt to replace the Celtic festival with a related, church-sanctioned holiday. The celebration was called All-Hallows or All Saints’ Day, and the night before it was called All-Hallows Eve. In A.D. 1000, the church would make November 2 All Souls’ Day, a day to honor the dead. It was celebrated like Samhain, with big bonfires, parades, and people dressing up in costumes as saints, angels, and devils. Together, these three celebrations were called Hallowmas (i.e. Halloween).
The celebration of Halloween in colonial times was extremely limited. The first celebrations included “play parties,” public events held to celebrate the harvest, where neighbors would share stories of the dead, tell each other’s fortunes, dance, and sing. Colonial Halloween festivities also featured the telling of ghost stories and mischief-making of all kinds.
In the late 1800s, America was flooded with new immigrants that helped popularize the celebration of Halloween. Americans began to dress up in costumes and go house to house asking for food or money, a practice that became today’s “trick-or-treat” tradition. By the 1920s and 1930s, Halloween had become a secular, but community-centered holiday, with parades and town-wide parties. By the 1950s, Halloween had evolved into a holiday directed mainly at the young. Trick-or-treating was a relatively inexpensive way for an entire community to share the Halloween spirit. In theory, families could also prevent tricks being played on them by providing the neighborhood children with small treats, which if you’re a kid is great — free candy.
Halloween is a pretty secular event now, though in many parts of the world, especially Mexico, the Day of the Dead tradition of honoring the deceased is still very, very strong.
With so many ways to celebrate the day, Halloween allows the young to act crazy and the old to act crazier. In many parts of the world the holiday is just catching on. I remember going to a “Halloween” party in Vienna where everyone was a vampire and there was no candy! So to ensure optimum celebration, here are ways to make the most of the day:
- Dress Up – Halloween isn’t Halloween without a costume! Get into the spirit with a crazy or not so crazy costume. From the typical Dracula to the weird, full-on Winnie the Pooh costume I once saw, no matter what it is, at least you’re getting into the spirit. Even throwing a sheet around you and calling it a toga is good. (Not that I did that or am doing it again.)
- Bob for apples – What’s more fun than getting a face full of water while trying to grab an apple with your mouth?! Especially fun after a few drinks! This is usually done when you are a young teenager but it’s still fun when you are an adult, especially if you add some “adult” rules.
- Tell a ghost story – Boo! What’s the day without a little fright? Turn off the lights, put the flashlight to your faces and get really creepy. Scary stories and tales are as much a part of Halloween as costumes. I remember hearing a story once at camp about “Bob” that scared me for weeks. I’m still not sure it’s fake. It probably is. But I’m not sure.
- Carve a Pumpkin – The name jack-o’-lantern can be traced back to the Irish legend of Stingy Jack, a greedy, gambling, hard-drinking old farmer. He tricked the devil into climbing a tree and trapped him by carving a cross into the tree trunk. In revenge, the devil placed a curse on Jack, condemning him to forever wander the earth at night with the only light he had: a candle inside of a hollowed turnip. Make your own jack-o’-lantern to scare away the spirits. It’s one the most fun Halloween activities! It allows you to be very creative, and some pumpkin designs are really intricate. Added bonus: cooked pumpkin seeds are delicious.
- Candy apples – Since the holiday comes in the wake of the annual apple harvest, candy apples are a good Halloween treat made by rolling whole apples in a sticky caramel that your dentist will hate.
- Trick or Treat – There’s nothing better than going door-to-door and getting candy, though parents around the world dread the dentist bill afterwards! Everyone decorates their houses and gives out candy to kids (and adults) that ring their doorbells. What a great community activity! Even if you are too old to go door-to-door, as an adult you should still indulge in lots of candy. (Candy corn is the best.)
On this day of fright, go out and cast the evil spirits away and have some fun. The day may not carry the religious significance it used to, but it is still great for a person of any age to enjoy. As I kid, I loved trick-or-treating, carving pumpkins, eating pumpkins, and getting lots of candy. Now, as an adult, I still love all those things — but now I also get to go to excellent Halloween parties.